Getting everyone on the same page is a hard task, especially in the everyday business setting. Think about all the different departments, each with its way of doing things. It’s like speaking different languages within the same company, which often leads to misunderstandings and inefficiencies. This is especially problematic when organizations want to streamline and standardize the way they do business. To add to the complexity, organizations are not homogeneous entities, they need to cooperate, both internally and externally, both locally and internationally. There is a solution that bridges these communication gaps and paves the way for streamlined operations — BPMN. Imagine it as a universal language that transcends departmental barriers, enabling diverse business units to collaborate seamlessly.

This blog post is your guide to unlocking the full potential of BPMN, a tool that transforms these challenges into opportunities. By providing a standardized visual language, BPMN enables you to effectively communicate complex processes, fostering transparency and alignment across your organization. Keep reading to discover how BPMN’s intuitive diagrams not only break down barriers, but also create a solid basis for process optimization.

BPMN  2.0 Metamodel

BPMN (Business Process Model and Notation) is a graphical notation standard for modelling business processes. It is a widely accepted and recognized notation standard used by BPM software tools to create visual representations of business processes. BPMN 2.0 is the most recent version of the BPMN specification, and it offers a comprehensive set of symbols and rules for process modelling.

The origin of Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) dates back to the early 2000s when the need for a standardized graphical notation to model and communicate business processes became increasingly apparent. Before BPMN’s development, various organizations and industries used their own proprietary notations, leading to inconsistencies, difficulties in understanding, and barriers to collaboration.

BPMN 2.0 is an intuitive and standardized notation, which enables clear communication among business analysts, process owners, and stakeholders while also facilitating effective collaboration and decision-making throughout the organization. With its rich set of modelling constructs, including activities, events, gateways, flows, and data objects, BPMN 2.0 provides an opportunity to capture all the nuances of complex business processes. The notation allows the modelling of end-to-end processes, as well as individual sub-processes within a larger process.

Embedded at the core of BPMN 2.0 is the metamodel, a foundational aspect that defines relationships and components intrinsic to a business process. This standardized framework is widely adopted in the industry and versatile in its ability to model various categories of business processes, including human workflows, system integrations, and decision-making processes.

The BPMN 2.0 metamodel consists of several key components that make up the notation, including:

Flow Objects

These are the building blocks of a BPMN diagram and include activities, events, and gateways. Activities represent work to be done, events represent triggers or results, and gateways represent decision points.

Data Objects

Represent the flow of information in a business process, information contained in documents, emails, letters etc. They can be used in a process or come as an outcome of the process.

Connecting Objects

These include sequence flows, message flows, and (data) associations. Sequence flows define the order of activities, message flows represent information exchange, and associations provide additional information and annotations to the diagram.


These represent the participants or groups involved in the process. Swimlanes can be organized into pools and lanes, which help to clarify roles and responsibilities.


These are additional elements that can be used to provide additional information or details about the process. Artifacts can include annotations, data objects, and groups.

Overall, the BPMN 2.0 metamodel provides a standardized way to model and communicate business processes in a clear and consistent way. By using a common notation, different stakeholders can easily understand and analyze the process, making it easier to identify areas for improvement and optimize the process.

Practical implications of BPMN 2.0

BPMN is all about the process, which embodies a series of organized activities dedicated to achieving a goal or an objective of the organization. These series of steps start with an event and end in one. Between these events there are tasks following each other, traced with sequence flows. Occasionally, there are some decision points in the process, which are marked by gateways that split the process and later bring the flow back together. Business processes always involve coordinating individuals, resources, and/or technologies. These components (artifacts) within a business process should be also defined, though sometimes their complexity can lack practicality in day-to-day business applications.

The ultimate goal is to use the notation to clearly communicate and document processes in a way that is easily understood by all stakeholders involved. Therefore, it is crucial to adapt the notation to fit the specific needs of a business. This means that organizations may need to customize the notation by adding or removing elements, or by simplifying certain components to make the notation more practical for everyday use.  By doing so, organizations can identify areas for improvement and optimize their processes, leading to improved efficiency and effectiveness.

ADONIS Metamodel extends the BPMN to fit modern business needs

BPMN Fit for Business

Another way to make BPMN fit to your business needs, is to enhance the metamodel with concepts and attributes that are relevant to mapping professional application scenarios. Additionally, organizations may choose to add other modelling languages for specific uses, such as UML for system design or DMN for decision modelling. Another way to extend BPMN 2.0 is to incorporate document models, process landscapes, risk catalogs, and IT system models. By doing so, organizations can create a more comprehensive view of their processes and associated risks. Furthermore, to enhance integration with Enterprise Architecture, BPMN 2.0 can be made compliant with ArchiMate. This allows for better alignment of process modelling with enterprise architecture. BPMN 2.0 is capable of serving both technical and professional modelling needs, providing a flexible solution for a wide range of use cases. Finally, by enabling integration with Process Automation and Process Mining, organizations can further enhance the value of their BPMN models.


BPMN 2.0 serves as a universal language that transcends the barriers within an organization, promoting seamless collaboration and streamlined operations. This notation standard bridges the gaps between various departments by offering an intuitive and standardized way to communicate complex processes. Extension of the metamodel, like ADONIS BPMN Fit for Business, can optimize BPMN’s practicality for everyday use, enabling organizations to identify areas for improvement and optimize the processes. Furthermore, BPMN can be extended and integrated with other modelling languages, broadening its applicability across various scenarios. In essence, BPMN’s standardized visual language is a powerful tool that can enhance communication, transparency, and drive process optimization in your organzation.

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